“Undiagnosed ADHD can cause so much stress and trauma,” Rupert notes. Girls and women with untreated ADHD are more likely to develop unhealthy substance use patterns, to have an unplanned pregnancy, and to have serious self-esteem problems (Young et al., 2020).
More research and greater diagnostic accuracy are needed where girls and women are concerned. Still, Rupert is optimistic. When people have access to treatment, including medication, outcomes improve.